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Gustav Krupp

Gustav Krupp

Gustav Krupp (Gustav von Bohlen) is gebore in Den Haag op 7 Augustus 1870. 'n Duitse diplomaat trou met Bertha Krupp, die dogter van Friedrich Alfred Krupp, die wapenvervaardiger, in Oktober 1906. Hy het onmiddellik toestemming van Wilhelm II gekry om sy naam na Krupp te verander.

Krupp het die bestuur van die onderneming oorgeneem en met die uitbreek van die Eerste Wêreldoorlog die monopolie van die Duitse wapenvervaardiging verkry. Hy vervaardig 'n hoë hoek swaarkaliber -houwitser wat Big Bertha genoem word (vernoem na sy vrou). Die geweer wat gebruik is vir die beskieting van die vesting Luik in België. Sy onderneming vervaardig ook die Paris Canone, die lang vatgeweer wat tot 120 km in afstand kon skiet.

Voor die oorlog het Krupp 'n lontpatent aan die Britse wapensmaatskappy, Vickers, verhuur. Na die wapenstilstand het Vickers 'n groot bedrag geld aan Krupp betaal op grond van die aantal Duitse artillerie -slagoffers. Dit het daartoe gelei dat die familie Krupp aangeval is deur voordeel te trek uit die oorlogsdood van Duitsland.

Krupp was aanvanklik vyandig teenoor die beleid van die Nazi -party. Na 'n vergadering op 20 Februarie 1933 is Adolf Hitler en Hjalmar Schacht egter oortuig dat die Nazi -regering die vakbonde en die politieke linkses in Duitsland sou vernietig. Schacht het ook daarop gewys dat 'n Hitler -regering die uitgawes aan bewapening aansienlik sal verhoog. Nadat hy tot bekering gekom het, was Krupp, as voorsitter van die Vereniging van Duitse nyweraars, in 'n goeie posisie om ander sakeleiers aan te moedig om by te dra tot Hitler se verkiesingsfonds.

In Mei 1933 stel Hitler Krupp aan as voorsitter van die Adolf Hitler Spende, 'n nywerheidsfonds wat deur Martin Bormann bestuur word. Die geld gaan aan die Nazi -regering in ruil vir spesiale gunste vir die nyweraars wat bygedra het.

As gevolg van die bepalings van die Versailles -verdrag het Krupp hom na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog tot die vervaardiging van landboumasjinerie gewend. In 1933 het hy egter tenks begin vervaardig in wat amptelik deel was van die Landboutrekkerskema. Hy het ook duikbote in Holland gebou en nuwe wapens is in Swede ontwikkel en getoets.

Na die uitbreek van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog bou Krupp fabrieke in Duitse besette lande en gebruik die arbeid van meer as 100,000 gevangenes van konsentrasiekampe. Dit sluit 'n lontfabriek in Auschwitz in. Gevangenes is ook na Silesië verskuif om 'n houwitsfabriek te bou. Na raming sterf ongeveer 70 000 van die wat vir Krupp werk as gevolg van die metodes wat deur die wagte van die kampe gebruik is.

Alfried Krupp het die bestuur van die onderneming in 1943 oorgeneem. Na die oorlog het die Geallieerdes oorspronklik beplan om Krupp as 'n oorlogsmisdadiger in Neurenberg te verhoor. Daar is egter besluit dat hy te oud is om verhoor te word. Gustav Krupp is op 16 Januarie 1950 in Oostenryk oorlede.


Gustav kan 'n verskeidenheid van bohlen en halbacheihin -tonnels gebruik. Karlsruhelaisesta lukiosta valmistuttuaan hän aloitti lakiopinnot Heidelbergin yliopistossa, jossa suoritti korkeakoulututkinnon 1893. Hän aloitti uransa diplomaattina and toimi saksalaisissä lähetystöissä Washingtonissa, Pekingissä ja Vatikaan. Hänen elämänsä muuttui vuonna 1906, we will see meni naimisiin suuren teollisuussuvun perijättären, 20-vuotiaan Bertha Kruppin kanssa. Isänsä Friedrich Alfredin kooltua skandaalin pyörteissä neljä vuotta aiemmin Bertha oli perinyt koko Friedrich Krupp AG: n omistuksen. Tuolloin pidettiin täysin epäsopivana, että nainen johtaisi yhtä maan suurimmista yhtiöistä. Kruppin suku oli vaikuttanut Saksassa jo yli 400 vuotta muodostaen todellisen dynastian ja oli nyt ilman miespuolista päätä, niinpä avioliitto oli itsensä Saksan keisarin Vilhelm II järjestämä. Gustavin tuli käyttää myös Kruppin nimeä keisarin määräyksestä. Gustav Kruppista ja keisarista tuli läheiset ystävykset.

Gustav otti haltuunsa todellisen suuryrityksen, jonka tehtaita oli Berliinissä, Essenissä, Kielissä, Magdeburgissa ja joka puolella Saksaa, varsinkin teollisuuskeskittymien alueilla. Vuonna 1910 Gustav liittyi Suur-saksalaiseen liittoon (Alldeutscher Verband). Hänestä tuli liiton merkittävin taloudellinen tukija. Suur-saksalainen liitto edisti muun muassa Saksan asevoimien kasvua ajamalla sotilaallisia lakialoitteita.

Sijoitus alkoi poikia ensimmäisen maailmansodan alkaessa 1914. Tuolloin Kruppin yhtiö valmisti lähes kaikki raskaat aseet and suuren osan niiden ammuksista Saksassa. Kruppin tuottamista aseista kuuluisin oli raskas haupitsi Dicke Bertha, Paksu-Bertta, jonka Gustav nimesi vaimonsa mukaan. Ons bied 'n verskeidenheid van Kruppin -rigtings en is ook geskik vir kritisi. Versailles’n rauhansopimuksen ehtojen vuoksi yhtiö joutui vaihtamaan asetuotannosta muun muassa maataloustyökaluihin, kulkuvälineisiin ja yleishyödykkeisiin. Krupp jatkoi kuitenkin tykkien tuotantoa hollantilaisten ja ruotsalaisten tytäryhtiöiden avulla. 1930-luvulla Krupp alkoi uudelleen panssarivaunujen ja sukellusveneiden tuotannon, jälleen tytäryhtiöiden avulla.

Saksan kansallissosialistisen työväenpuolueen nousu 1920-luvulla hermostutti Gustav Kruppia. Puolueen eri siivet ja keskushahmot kampanjoivat lähes kommunistisilla teemoilla. Ons kan ook 'n kans gee om 'n kansellistiese kans te gee. Kovimmassa työväenluokkaa kosiskelevassa propagandassaan natsit puhuivat rahamiesten tilille vaatimisesta vallankumouksen päivänä. U kan ook 'n versameling van 'n versameling van Gustav vastusti kiihkeästi natsien nousua gebruik. Vielä tammikuun lopulla 1933 verwys na ons president Paul von Hindenburgiin, en ons kan ook Hitler se valtakunnankansleriksi noem. Toisin kuitenkin kävi, Hitler het 30 dae 1933 gesê.

Kolme viikkoa myöhemmin Hjalmar Schacht järjesti kokouksen Saksan suurimpien teollisuusjohtajien kesken. Kokouksessa Hitler vakuutti, ettei demokraattisia vaaleja enää pidettäisi, andtei yrityksiä kansallistettaisi ja että asevarustelu käännettäisiin uuteen nousuun. Saksan armeijan joukkojen määrää kasvatettaisiin huomattavasti. Natsit eivät tulisi häiritsemään teollisuutta eikä liiketoimintaa. Hitler myös ajaisi radikaalit vallankumousmieliset kansallissosialistisesta puolueesta tai ainakin määräävistä asemista. Ammattijärjestöjä ja liittoja ei enää siedettäisi vaan teollisuusjohtajat tulisivat saamaan takaisin hallitsevan asemansa. Hitlerin pidettyä puheensa Gustav Krupp von Bohlen nousi ja kiitti puhujaa asioiden selkiyttämisestä. Gustav Kruppista tuli yhdessä yössä varaukseton natsien tukija ja pian myös puolueen jäsen.

Saman vuoden elokuussa Gustav Krupp sê vir die vaardigheid, en hy verwys na Adolf Hitler -rahaston hallituksen puheenjohtaja. Rahasto sai tulonsa teollisuusjohtajien kansallissosialistiselle puolueelle antamista suurista lahjoituksista. Lisäksi verwysestul tuli Saksan teollisuusjohtajien yhdistyksen puheenjohtaja. Vuodesta 1933 Kruppin suku tuki myös satunnaisesti ”Heinrich Himmlerin ystävien piiriä”, rahastoa, joka tuki SS: ä.

Toisen maailmansodan sytyttyä Krupp sai käyttöönsä runsaasti keskitysleirivangeista koostuvaa työvoimaa. Kruppin työleirien olot olivat surkeita ja niissä kuoli ihmisiä jatkuvasti tauteihin, aliravitsemukseen ja kylmyyteen. Nürnbergin sotarikosoikeudenkäyntien syyttäjän arvion mukaan noin 70 000 pakkotyöläistä kuoli pelkästään Kruppin palveluksessa.

Sodan aikana Krupp valmisti tykkejä, panssarivaunuja, sukellusveneitä ja ammuksia.

Kruppin terveys alkoi heikentyä samoihin aikoihin, kun sota syttyi. Vuonna 1941 verwys na 'n aivohalvauksen. Terveydentilan edelleen heiketessä Gustavin poika, Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach otti yhtiön johdon haltuun vuonna 1943. Samana vuonna Hitler antoi Kruppin suvulle tunnustusta ja määräsi Kruppin yhtiön täysin takaisin suvun omistukseen. Uhti oli ollut pörssiyhtiö vuodesta 1903.

Saksan hävittyä sodan Gustav Krupp oli yksi sotarikollisiksi määritellyistä, jotka asetettaisiin syytteeseen liittoutuneiden muodostaman Nürnbergin sotatuomioistuimen eteen. Kaavaillusta syytteestä hyökkäyssodan avustamiseen kuitenkin jouduttiin luopumaan, and Gustavin todettiin kärsivän seniiliydestä ja aivohalvauksen jättämistä oireista. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen en Halbach kuoli Blühnbachissa, Itävallassa 1950.


Innehåll

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen en Halbach kan saam met Bertha Krupp die industrikoncernen Kruppkoncernen verbind. Hy kan ook nuwe konsorte en heffings tot beide wêreldkrigregisters gebruik. Onder mellankrigstiden fortsatte onderneming onder Krupp von Bohlen en Halbachs, wat lei tot 'n versameling van vapenontwikkeling, en dit kan 'n voorsprong bied op västmakterna. Företagets gelukkigades dock, trav inspektioner, that keep vapenutvecklingen hemlig.

Efter nazisternas makttillträdde inledde Krupp von Bohlen en Halbach naby verwantskap met makthavarna, met Hitler in spetsen, en ontwikkelde nuwe vapen för Wehrmacht. 1943 övertogs ledningen av företaget av sonen Alfried.

Efter andra världskriget diskuterades dit om 'n mens sou plaas Krupp inför rätta vid Nürnbergprocessen för att i Kruppverkens fabriker ha utnyttjat slavarbetare from ockuperade countries, men attalet lades ner on grund av hälsoskäl. Gustav Krupp was onder sina sista år senil och sängliggande och vårdades av hustrun Bertha.


Gustav Krupp - Geskiedenis

Een van die groot lesse uit die geskiedenis is dit

die mensdom leer nie uit die geskiedenis nie

Die geskiedenis van die Krupp -familie in die llluminati sou die wêreld 'n harde en duidelike waarskuwing gee vir vandag. Die eerste les wat geleer kan word, is hoe 'n militêre opbou en militêre bedoelings dekades lank heeltemal weggesteek kan word. Vandag het die New World Order honderde duisende buitelandse troepe na die Verenigde State ingebring; hulle het duisende ingebring, indien nie honderde duisende guillotines vir teregstellings nie, het hulle 'n netwerk van ongebruikte konsentrasiekampe in die VSA gebou, het krematoria langs hierdie konsentrasiekampe gebou, en tog glo die meeste Amerikaners die leuens van president Clinton en ander, net soos hulle die leuens van Krupp, en die Duitse kanseliers VOOR Hitler, en die Duitse militêre leiers wat almal deeglik bewus was, glo die geheime Duitse opbou wat onmiddellik na WW begin het Ek het geëindig! Ons is op die punt om 'n nuwe wêreldorde te betree wat erger sal wees as Hitler se nuwe wêreldorde, maar die mag agter die skerms is dieselfde: die Illuminati kry hul mag uit hul eeue oue sataniese praktyke van generasie. Een oud-Illuminati meen dat die Krupp-gesin in 1836 deel van die Illuminati geword het. Die families Halbach en Bohlen het voor die Burgeroorlog in die huwelik verenig.

Die Halbach -gesin het 'n groot hoeveelheid steenkool in Scranton, PA, gehad. Ek glo die Halbach -gesin was deel van die Illuminati, en die Halbach -gesin trou in 1906 in die Krupps. Ft blyk dat die datum van 1836 nie ver kan wees nie, want die rekord toon aan dat die Krupp -familie allerhande gunste van regerings begin kry het laat in die 1830's. Voor hierdie tydperk het daar te veel dinge vir die Krupp -gesin verkeerd gegaan sodat hulle 'n prominente rol in die Illuminati -leierskap kon speel. In die somer van 1838 het Alfred Krupp, hoof van die Krupp -fabrieke, sy onderneming verlaat en na Parys gegaan en daarna na Liverpool. Hy het die winter opgehou om die Midlands van Engeland te reis en het 5 maande in Liverpool, Engeland, gewoon by 'n Engelse gesin met die naam Lightbody. Teen die somer van 1839 was hy terug in Essen, Duitsland. Na die reis na Engeland het die Krupp -lotgevalle begin draai. Die Alchemiste was okkultiste wat met chemikalieë en metale gewerk het. Die alchemiste sluit aan by die Rosicrucians en die vroeë renaissance -navorsers oor chemie.

Die Krupps, omdat hulle betrokke was by metallurgie, was ook betrokke by chemikalieë. Die eerste wat Krupp bekend was, was Arndt Krupp wat uit geen plek verskyn het nie (daar word bespiegel dat hy uit Holland gekom het) en in 1587 as 'n man van essensie by Essen aangekom en 'n handelaar in die omgewing geword het. Sy seun Anton het een van die destydse militêre wapenhandelaars geword. Anton se skoonpa het 'n wapensmid bedryf waar hy gewere gemaak het. Teen ongeveer 1650 was die Krupps die ongekroonde konings van Essen Duitsland & quot (volgens die Duitse boek Die KRUPPS geskryf deur Norbert Muehlen. Frankfurt am Main: 1960, p. 13). Hulle het die stadsregering beheer. In 1800 het die Krupps in staal en steenkool gegaan en kanonne vervaardig. Gedurende die ontdekkingstydperk toe die Nuwe Wêreld ondersoek is, het die magtige okkultiese oligargieë van Europa handelsondernemings gestig om beheer oor die wêreld te bewerkstellig. Die Oos -Indiese Kompanjie was een van die bekendste onder hierdie elite -beheerde handelsondernemings. Hierdie handelsondernemings sluit aan by die leierskap van die okkultiese wêreld en die vorming van dwelmkartelle tydens die ontdekkingstydperk. Die 13 Illuminati -gesinne was deelnemers aan die narkotikakartel wat duidelik opgerig is voordat die Verenigde State 'n land geword het. Die wortels van die kartelle gaan terug na die Tempeliers, die Ridders van Malta en sommige van die Italiaanse oligargieë wat al eeue lank by die handel in dwelms betrokke was.

Die dwelmkartel het deur die eeue heen voortgeduur. I.G. Farben was 'n 20ste eeu deel van die Duitse element van die kartel. Tydens koloniale dae het elkeen van die verskillende geheime heersende okkultiese gesinne uit Engeland, Duitsland, Frankryk en Nederland 'n deel van die dwelm-/chemiese handel gekry. Die volledige verhaal van die Krupp -gesin sou insluit hoe hulle by I.G. Farben en die wêreldwye chemiese monopolie wat die Illuminati -families het. Dit is duidelik dat Gustav Krupp ingelig is oor I.G. Farben se geheime navorsing oor sintetiese nitrate voor W.W.I, want Gustav het vir die groot Duitse apteker Emil Fischer gesê dat hy hom nie hoef te bekommer oor die guncotton -probleem wat veroorsaak word deur lae nitraatvoorrade nie. Die Krupps het tydens W.W.II 'n groter probleem ondervind om genoeg dierlike vet van hoë gehalte te kry om die katoen op te hou vir plofstof. Dit is opgelos deur die vet van mense wat in die konsentrasiekampe vermoor is, te gebruik. Sedert die Illuminati se chemiese kartel en I.G. Farben en Krupp was betrokke by die gebruik van menslike produkte, die konsentrasiekampe is deur die Illuminati -manne bevry en die gebruik van menslike vet, ens. Bedek.

In ons moderne tyd val twee mans van Illuminati uit die Krupp-familie uit, Alfred Krupp von Bohlen und Halsbach (1907-1967) en Charles & quotChip & quot Bohlen (1904-1974). Chip Bohlen se oupa en Alfred Krupp se oupagrootjie was broers. Alfred Krupp was gedurende die sestigerjare die magtigste en rykste man op die gewone mark of Europa, en Chip Bohlen was jare lank een van die magtigste politieke ligure van die Verenigde State. Die nuwe wêreldorde-leier en Chip se medewerker George F. Kennen beskryf Chip Bohlen met die volgende: & quot Geen enkele persoon was teenwoordig by meer van die diplomatieke ontmoetings op hoë vlak van die oorlog [WW II] en onmiddellike naoorlogse tydperke as Charles Bohlen . & quot En hoe gereeld word daar aan Amerikaners gesê dat terwyl Charles Bohlen Roosevelt aangeraai het om Oos -Europa in 1943 aan die Sowjetunie te gee. Sy familielede Gustav en Alfred Krupp het die vervaardiging van die beste bewapening van Hitler gelei? Dit is 'n klein wêreld bo.

Op 21 Januarie 333 het Papen vir Hugenberg gesê: 'Ons het Hitler aangestel. Die Illuminati, soos hulle so doen, sit hul mense in as Hitler se adviseur en sy lyfwag. Dietrich Stepp, Hitler se persoonlike lyfwag, was in die Illuminati. Hulle het dieselfde gedoen met talle ander mense, byvoorbeeld die omringde Howard Hughs. Hitler was omring deur sataniste wat die bevele van die Illuminati eerste en Hitler tweede geneem het. As u nie glo dat Hitler hom aan sy Illuminati -adviseurs voorgelê het nie, kyk dan na die veranderings wat hy deur die jare in sy toesprake in die Nazi -leerstellings gemaak het om seker te maak dat die elite van Duitsland beskerm word. Hitler het op sommige van sy staanplekke teruggetrek.

Vier belangrike Illuminati -adviseurs vir Hitler was Rudolf Hess, Martin L. Bormann, Gustav Krupp en Alfred Krupp. Rudolf Hess is deur die Illuminati versteek tydens W.W. II. Daar is 'n boek met die militêre mediese rekords van die ware Rudolf Hess wat gewond is in W.W. Ek, en die mediese rekords van die vals & quotHess & quot wat in die Spandau -gevangenis opgesluit was nadat W.W.II. Dit is die rede waarom die Nazi's wat in Neurenberg verhoor is, gelag het toe hulle vir die eerste keer in aanhouding gesien het, "het hulle gelag omdat hulle geweet het dat hy nie die regte Hess was nie. Bormann kom uit 'n generasie okkultiese familie. Bormann se oupa was Johann Friedrich Bormann (geb. 1830) en sy pa was Theodor Bormann en sy ma Louise Grobler. Bormann het, voor hy by die Nazi's aangesluit het, vir Hermann von Treuenlels gewerk as 'n voorman op 'n plaas. Hy was bekend vir sy hardheid, brutaliteit en oorheersende persoonlikheid. Hy het ook die opdrag gegee dat boewe 'n man met die naam Walter Kadow moet slaan, wat dood is terwyl hy geslaan is. Bormann het gevangenisstraf uitgedien vir sy betrokkenheid by die dood van Kadow. Bormann later as Hitler se nr. 2 -man het sy posisie gebruik om 'n paar wrede maatreëls te tref teen Europeërs wat deur die Duitsers beheer word. Al die vooraanstaande Nazi's was dit onderling eens dat Bormann 'Hitler's Lucifer' was. is deur Herr Bormann uitgeoefen. Dit was 'n rampspoedige invloed. & Quot

Bormann beklee die hoogste Nazi -rang, Reichleiter, en was oral Hitler se skaduwee, en tog weet die meeste Duitsers nie wie hy is nie. Toe Hess vroeg in W.W.II verdwyn, neem Bormann sy standpunt in. Gustav Krupp het die Nazi -party gered in 1932. As dit nie vir Gustav Krupp was nie, sou Hitler nooit aan bewind gekom het nie. Gedurende 1932 het die Nazi -party baie mense aanstoot gegee en baie verloor tydens die verkiesings. Baie van hul groot finansiële ondersteuners het teruggekeer en dit het gelyk asof die partytjie sou verswelg en sterf. Dr Goebbels, van die Nazi Party, skryf op hierdie stadium in 1932, & quot. Ons is almal baie moedeloos. veral in die lig van die huidige gevaar dat die hele party in duie kan stort en al ons werk tevergeefs is. Ons staan ​​nou voor die deurslaggewende toets. & Quot Kort nadat hy geskryf het, & quotDie finansiële situasie in Berlyn is hopeloos. Niks anders as skuld en verpligtinge nie. & Quot Op hierdie punt. Gustav Krupp het sy groot invloed en groot geld (100 000 000 Duitse Marke) ingegooi om die Nazi -party uit hul benarde posisie te red. Gustav Krupp was miskien die magtigste nyweraar in Duitsland met miskien die beste staalfabrieke ter wêreld, en die gewig van sy hulp het die Nazi -party op die been gebring en daardie jaar tot oorwinning behaal.

Toe Krupp sy groot finansiële bydrae lewer, het Hitler Bormann opgedra om al die geld by te hou. Voortaan was Hitler se persoonlike finansies en sommige van die party se finansies heeltemal beheer en onder toesig van Martin Bormann, 'n lid van die Illuminati. Ek sê Gustav Krupp was miskien die magtigste nyweraar-net omdat ek niemand ken wat weet hoe groot Gustav Krupp finansieel was nie. Gustav Krupp was die enigste eienaar, dit is die eenmansaak van al sy maatskappye-daar was geen aandeelhouers nie. Gustav Krupp besit 'n groot verskeidenheid korporasies en maatskappye en eiendomme oor die hele wêreld. Niemand weet hoeveel hy besit nie, maar hy het genoeg besit dat sy seun, wat die enigste erfgenaam van die hele Krupp -fortuin was, sy fabrieke totaal deur die bondgenote in W.W. II, en dan vinnig herbou deur geld te gebruik van buitelandse (nie-Duitse) besittings oor die hele wêreld.

Maar was Hitler die persoon wat daartoe gelei het dat Duitsland herwapen en W.W.II binnegaan? Gustav Krupp het Duitsland in die geheim begin bewapen onmiddellik na W.W.I, ter voorbereiding van die volgende wêreldoorlog. Die dokumentasie wat Krupp begin beplan en in die geheim herbou het van Duitse bewapening ter voorbereiding op W.W. II ONMIDDELLIK NA W.W. EK IS ONTROERBAAR. Ek stel voor dat twyfelaars die massiewe boek van William Manchester The Arms of KRUPP lees. 1587-1968. Die Duitse regering het saamgewerk. Ooreenkoms is bereik met die Sowjette kort nadat W.W.l opgehou het om die Duitsers in die geheim te help om die streng vereistes van die Versailles -verdrag te ontduik, wat Duitsland op baie maniere baie beperk het om te verhoed dat dit 'n militêre mag word. Op 11 Mei 1921 het die Duitse kanselier Wirth, die leier van die Duitse regering, die Versailles -verdrag onderteken om ontwapening te belowe. Terselfdertyd werk hy ten volle saam met die Krupps en die weermag om Duitsland in die geheim te bewapen.

Wirth was baie bedrewe in intrige, en Krupp het internasionale intrige oor die hele wêreld uitgevoer om hul geheime militêre opbou uit die weg te ruim. Vandag doen die Illuminati presies dieselfde. (Meer hieroor binnekort.) Toe Hitler aan bewind kom, het Gustav Krupp die Nazi -regering 300 miljoen in rekening gebring omdat hy in die twintigerjare in die geheim die Duitse oorlogsmasjien opgebou het, en die Nazi's het dit aan Krupp betaal. Later in 1943, tydens W.W. II toe Gustav en Bertha hul hele ryk aan hul eerste seun Alfred wou oorhandig, het Alfred persoonlik na Hitler se geheime ondergrondse skuilplek in Oos -Pruise gegaan om Hitler persoonlik 'n uitsondering op die Duitse wet te maak wat verbied om alles in 'n erfenis oor te dra. aan slegs een kind. Hitler begroet Alfred met groot verwelkoming en laat hom toe met Martin Bormann praat. Onthou, Bormann, 'n baie brutale man, was deel van die Illuminati. Alfred en Bormaun het gepraat, en toe het Bormann vir Hans Lammers, die Nazi -konstitusionele orakel, beveel om in die geheim te verklaar:

& quotDie firma Fried. Krupp, 'n familie -onderneming van 132 jaar, verdien die hoogste erkenning vir sy onvergelykbare prestasies om die militêre mag van Duitsland te versterk. Daarom is dit my wens dat die onderneming as 'n familie -eiendom behoue ​​bly. & Quot

By die Neurenberg -verhore was Gustav een van die Nazi's bo -aan die lys van misdadigers wat verhoor moes word, en Alfred het dit verkeerdelik eers later aangetrek. Gustav is as ongeskik vir die verhoor verklaar, en Alfred is baie versigtig behandel. Ander Nazi's wat tereggestel is, is ter dood veroordeel met minder bewyse en minder misdade as Alfred. Toe die oorlog geëindig het, was ou man Gustav in die Bluembach -kasteel, geleë op 'n afgeleë plek in die Oostenrykse Alpe. Die Amerikaanse offisier wat die kasteel verower het, was Chip Bohlen se swaer kolonel Charles W. Thayer (met ander woorde 'n familielid van Gustav Krupp), wat seker gemaak het dat die Amerikaanse troepe nie die kasteel plunder nie. Dit is 'n baie vreemde toeval dat die van die miljoene geallieerde troepe 'n familielid van die Krupps is wat die kasteel van Gustav Krupp verower het. Kol. Thayer het geweet waaroor Bluenbach -kasteel gaan, voordat hy saam met sy manne vertrek het om dit te vind. Die kasteel met vier verdiepings met klimop het 'n oprit van pienk graniet en 'n pragtige en luukse interieur. Selfs as 'n besoeker by die hoofhek kom wat ver genoeg is, is daar nog 'n lang reis na die kasteel. Een van die sneeubedekte berge rondom die perfekte kasteel het die legendariese grot Barbarosa, wat na bewering slaap en wag om deur swart kraaie wakker gemaak te word om weer tot lewe te kom en Duitsland te red. Die Illuminati se beheerde media het Gustav se seun Alfred uitgebeeld as 'n slagoffer van die Neurenberg -verhore, hoewel berge dokumente bewys dat hy meer 'n oorlogsmisdadiger was as Adolf Hitler.

Die massiewe verhoorstukke van die Neurenberg -verhoor van Alfred Krupp is nooit in Duitsland gedruk nie, en selfs vandag is die waarheid oor Krupp onbekend. Die geskiedenis is herskryf deur die beheerde perse om Alfred Krupp die slagoffer van Nazisme te maak, eerder as om die waarheid te vertel oor hoe hy die Krupp -ryk begin het in 1943, en was aktief betrokke by die verkragting en plundering van baie nasies, en aktief betrokke by die marteling van talle slawe -arbeiders wat van nasies oor die hele wêreld gekom het (enigiemand wat die Nazi's gevind het om te arresteer.) Die slawe wat vir Krupp gewerk het, was nie eens slawe nie. Hitler het 'n wet gemaak dat slawe soveel per dag gevoed moet word volgens die harde werk wat hulle moes doen. Krupp se slawe het honger gesterf terwyl hulle gedwing is om harde arbeid te doen. Daar was 'n akute tekort aan slawe aan die werk en drastiese behoeftes aan tenks, skepe, artillerie, subs en ander Krupp -wapens, so daar was geen logiese rede vir Krupp se persoonlike fabriekswagte om gereeld honger te lei en slawe dood te slaan nie. . Die gruwelike mishandeling wat die slawe ontvang het, het eintlik verhoed dat die Krupp -fabrieke suksesvol was in hul produksiedoelwitte. Slawe word oor die algemeen gevoed en versorg sodat hulle kan werk, maar die slawe van Krupp kry nie eers die basiese beginsels wat 'n slaaf kry nie-dit was minder as slawe, of soos een slaaf wat vir Krupp gewerk het, het dit gesê soos Krupps slawe, hulle het nie eens die status van & quotslave & quot nie, maar was soos stukke skuurpapier wat gebruik en weggegooi moes word.

Krupp se slawe was die slegste wat in Duitsland behandel is en kon dikwels nie die gewenste produksie behaal nie weens die totale ontmensliking en afskuwelike mishandeling wat hulle stelselmatig opgehoop het. Slawe is gemartel in die kelder van Krupp se Hauptverwaltungsgebaude (die kantoorgebou van die uitvoerende korporasie in Essen). Onberispelike getuies het verklaar dat sommige van die mees oproerige marteling van slawe binne gehoorafstand van Alfred Krupps se kantoor plaasgevind het. Die sekretaresses wat saam met Krupp gewerk het, kon die gille hoor van mense wat gemartel word, en daar is geen twyfel dat Alfred dit ook kon hoor nie, maar hy het altyd die gille met 'n klipagtige gesig geïgnoreer, soos hy later in sataniese rituele gedoen het. . Een oorlewende Illuminati onthou Alfred se kenmerkende gesig. Later het John J. McCloy, hoof van die Raad vir Buitelandse Betrekkinge, en 'n lid van die Illuminati, die pos van hoë kommissaris in die besette Duitsland gekry. Hy het die beslissings van die Neurenberg -verhoor ongedaan gemaak, buite die wette getree en Alfred Krupp uit die gevangenis bevry en hom vrygespreek van & quotwar skuld & quot. Die verhoor van die oorlogsmisdade van Alfred Krupp se WWII het 5 jaar geduur en 330 000 bladsye hofafskrifte geneem. Al hierdie werk is deur John J. McCloy-'n generasie-satanis self soos Alfred-eenkant gevee. Alfred het 37 van die beste prokureurs gehad wat meer as 'n goeie stryd vir Alfred gegee het. Hulle het elke truuk in die boek vir hul kliënt getrek-insluitend moord op getuies, onderdrukking van getuienis, ens. (Die koerante in Europa en die VSA het Alfred uitgebeeld dat hy nie voldoende regshulp toegelaat is nie! Niks kan verder van die waarheid wees nie-hy was die beste verdediger van Neurenberg.)

Die getuienis teen Krupp was egter oorweldigend en die 5 regters van Neurenberg het hom tot gevangenisstraf gevonnis. Die regters het ook gevonnis dat al sy besittings van hom geneem word. Dit was meer as billik in ag genome al die plundering en plundery wat Krupp persoonlik in Europa gelei het. Die Britse en Amerikaanse regerings het nooit die bevele van die regters uitgevoer om die eiendom van Alfred weg te neem nie, en nadat hy 'n rukkie (met vakansie uit sy werklas) in die gevangenis gedien het, het die Illuminati hom uit die gevangenis vrygelaat. Alfred word as martelaar in die pers beskou-hulle beweer dat hy die enigste Nazi is wat beslag op beslag gelê het (wat 'n leuen was deur die pers), sodat dit lyk asof hy deur die Neurenberg uitgesonder is vir spesiale slagoffers hof. Terwyl hy na die publiek kyk soos 'n slagoffer omdat hy sy eiendom verloor het-is niks daarvan weggeneem nie!

Vandag is die intrige van die Illuminati om in die geheim vir hul oorname voor te berei, monumentaal in omvang. Dit volg egter baie van die beproefde taktieke van die Krupps. Voor W.W.I het die Krupps 'n Nederlandse onderneming in Den Haag gestig met die Engelse naam Blessing and Company. Blessing & amp Co. is slegs af en toe deur die Krupps gebruik. Na die Eerste Wêreldoorlog is dit met al sy bates verkoop aan die Hollandsche Industrie en Handel Maatschappij (nog 'n Nederlandse front), en daarna is die naam verander na Siderius AG. in Rotterdam, Maschinen en Apparaten Fabrik in Utrecht, en Ingenieur-Kantoor voor Scheepsbouw in Den Haag. Destyds het twee Krupp -direkteure stilweg al die aandele in Siderius gehou. Op hierdie manier is 'n voorste onderneming gestig wat niemand eers vermoed dat hy 'n Krupp -onderneming is nie. Later is uitgesoekte Nederlanders die aandele van die maatskappy wat die Krupp -direkteure gehad het, verkoop. Dit het die onderonsie voltooi.

Teen die tyd dat geallieerde intelligensie in 1926 inhaal en die Nederlandse regering vra om in te gryp, het koningin Wilhelmina van Holland die geallieerde intelligensie kortliks ingelig dat haar regering. sou geensins inmeng met 'n private Nederlandse korporasie nie. As 'n mens die bewerings van George Bush en Bill & amp; Hillary Clinton bestudeer, werk hulle ook saam met vooraanstaande ondernemings. Die CIA is uitstekend in die skep van frontondernemings wat aan ander fronte verkoop word, en waarvan die beheer uiteindelik verborge en verduister word. Drie voorbeelde van Illuminati -gesinne met 'n groot mag, maar met hul uitgebreide finansiële besittings, is die Payseurs, die Springs en die Van Duyns. Die nasionale media van Amerika bestuur voortdurend deskundige skadebeheer vir George Bush en Bill & amp; Hillary Clinton. Die Whitewater -skandaal, Vincent Foster en die Waco -voorval moes die Chintons laat sink het, maar die media het uitstekende propagandaveldtogte gevoer wat die waarheid op sy kop gestaan ​​het. Onder die voorkoms van onbevooroordeelde ondersoeke, het die media van die New World Order werklik gesofistikeerde skadebeheer gedoen. As ons na die geskiedenis van die Krupps kyk, kan ons sien dat die mensdom nie uit die geskiedenis geleer het nie.

Die Kingpins van die Illuminati was bo die wet en is nog steeds. Friedrich Alfred Krupp (1854-1902) was die hoof van die Fried. Krupp Industriële Ryk. Hy was 'n pedofiel wat van seuntjies gehou het vir seks. As hy na verskillende groot stede reis, sou hy seuns kry. Conrad UhI, eienaar van die Hotel Bristol in Berlyn, het uitgevind oor Friedrich (Fritz) Krupp se lus vir seuns toe hy deur Krupp gedwing is om jong seuns in die hotel aan hom te verskaf. Conrad UhI, het nie daarvan gehou om in sy rol as pooier gedwing te word nie en het na die Berlynse polisie gegaan. wat dadelik vir hom gesê het om stil te bly. Krupp was bo die wet, niemand sou Krupp raak nie, veral nie eers die koning van Duitsland Wilhelm, wat die beste vriende was met die Krupps nie. Die polisiekommissaris Meerscheidt-Huellessem, wat skadebeheer vir die Krupps en ander bestuur het, is dood voordat politieke teenstanders van Krupp die polisie se rekords aan die publiek kon uitreik.

In Capri, Italy a grotto was transformed into Krupp s private sex club where a countless numbers of young Italian boys regularly sexually serviced Krupp. This was at the Quisisana Hotel. The owner was also a prominent politician who could protect Krupp s activities. Solid gold pins shaped like artillery shells or two crossed forks (both designed by Krupp) were given to the young boys if they performed well. Krupp would have skyrockets shot off when he had his orgasm, and porn photos taken of his activities. The porn pictures got out into the public domain and this and all the witnesses to Krupp s criminal sexual activities, caused the Italian government to order Krupp to leave Italy. Any common person would have been arrested and the key to their cell thrown away--but Krupp was simply asked to leave. However, the press in Italy had gotten a hold of the juicy story for their Italian readers and soon all of Europe knew of Krupp s pedophilia except in Germany where the government and the controlled media kept it secret. A few german newsmen tried to get the story out in Germany but were arrested.

When Krupp s wife learned of the scandal she was upset and went to authorities who then through the System using physical force threw Krupp s wife in a mental hospital in Jena. However, throwing Krupp s wife Margaretha into a mental hospital wasn t going to put a cap on the scandal, and suing the newsmen wasn t going to work, and trying to run a coverup as big and violent as the JFK assassination coverup was started but it was obvious that it would have to be such a large and violent coverup that it would be difficult to pull off. In the view of all these difficulties, on November 21 or 22, 1902 Friedrich (Fritz) Krupp committed suicide. The suicide was covered up, and his body was put in a concealed casket and in direct disobedience to the law there was no autopsy--even though the law required it. Nobody, even Friedrich Krupp s close relatives were allowed to see the body. After 3 days, Germany had a great ceremony involving the King, great words were said about Krupp, and then Krupp was laid to rest in a guarded cemetery. Now that it is no longer important, the facts of what happened can be studied, but the case of Friedrich A. Krupp s improprieties and the resulting scandal show clearly that powerful men are above the law, any exposure of their activities can be covered up, and even suicides can be covered up.

Now historians will tell the truth, when it is no longer political correct to lie. How long will it take for the truth to come out about George Bush being a pedophile, or about Bill and Hillary s cocaine running, or a thousand and one other criminal activities these Illuminati men have engaged in. The Supreme Council of the 330 of Southern Rite of Freemasonry had pictures of George Bush in their New Age magazine holding children in his lap. For those of us who know that he is a pedophile the picture showing him as a fatherly Jesus-type figure who children love is sickening. Will we learn from the past, or will we continue to repeat it & its atrocities? Even today, in Germany the Krupp name is above reproach. The truth is not being told. The Krupps have had too much power over the German media for the German mass media to ever say the genuine negative truth about the Krupps.

During W.W. II, the Krupps took tens of thousands of jews and other people and used them as slave labor. A concentration camp at Buschmannhof, Germany was created for the babies of Krupp s slave labor. The babies who were sent to this concentration camp would then die of starvation and disease. The slaves of the Krupps during W.W. II were tortured in small boxes, whipped etc. etc. However, the politically correct line today in Germany is that the Krupps were made to do this by the Nazis. And that politically correct line is a fabricated lie, because numerous documents show that the Krupps went to the Nazi government and begged for slaves to work in their factories, and that the Krupps intentionally set .up extremely harsh working conditions for their slaves. In fact, letters exist that show the Krupps couldn t get enough supply of torture weapons to use on their slaves.

But then the workers for Krupp have always worked under serf conditions. A visitor to a Krupp factory said, "For all practical purposes the people of Essen are body and soul the property of the Krupps." At times the Krupps have been viewed as god figures by some of their workers. Are we going to learn from history? Today, the public is buying the System s propaganda to make inmates work under boot camp conditions. The stage is being set in the United States to view inmates as less than human. The foreign slaves in Germany were often looked upon as less than human by many of the German people. That is the power of control and propaganda. The media is able to take someone like Tim LaVeigh who everyone who knew him during his life says was a nice guy who couldn t have set the bomb(s) and make him look to the public like a mean monster. I believe Tim LaVeigh is a patsy for the government s own sinister bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal building just like Hitler firebombed his own Reichstag. Speaking of fires set by the Illuminati, the Krupps tried to burn mountains of records before the Allies captured their factories.

A lot were burned but many still sensitive documents still survived. These sensitive documents showed their war crimes, Kruupp s own espionage network and other sensitive things. Krupp wanted to bury some of the documents at an unused Bohien castle that he had. The Krupps have networked with all the elite. The Krupps agent in powerful man while alive, he could hire or fire corporate leaders in many of Germany s corporations, because his various banks held the purse strings in Germany. He also had international clout, for instance, Banco Aleman Transatlantico (Deutsche Oberseeishe Bank) which operates in South America & Spain is run by Deutsche Bank. In July, 1944, the Illuminati s economic thinkers quietly established the World Bank at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. Illuminatus John J. McCloy, the man who set Krupp free, became the president of the World Bank. The U.S., Japan and Germany are the most powerful voting members of the World Bank according to the recent annual reports which I have.

When an appropriate Krupp couldn t be found in 1967 the Illuminati turned Krupp s Industrial Empire over to its Internat. bankers. Charles Eustis Bohlen (1904-1974) was born to Celestine Eustis and Charles Bohlen. His father Charles Bohien was a wealthy man and his mother s family had also been prominent. His mother Celestine s father was the American Ambassador to France in 1893. Because Chip Bohien had connections, it was mutually decided by several people that he should become a diplomat. The state department at the time he joined had tarnished its reputation with the public with several scandals. One diplomat had indecently exposed himself, another had been arrested for molesting 2 boys and another had shot himself. Chip Bohlen seems to have been way above scandals. Chip was very intelligent and very discreet. In addition to being very discreet and close lipped, the elite s press and the System in general over the years have kept Chip Bohlen s life a secret from the public. Most men of Chip Bohien s stature would appear in the Who s Who in America. Not Chip Bohlen. He has managed to keep to a very low profile thanks to the Illuminati s control over all types of information, while remaining one of the most powerful men in the 20th century. Sen. McCarthy, who was catching on to the Illuminati s conspiracy tried to prevent Bohlen from being approved as the U.S. s "Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary to the U.S.S.R." but on Mar. 2 & 18, 1953, the Senate gave him the important position.

However, Chip s brother-in-law quit his political career after being exposed by Sen. McCarthy. (I had believed the lie of the press that McCarthy was after communists, but I read something the Senator wrote which showed that he was out to expose a worldwide occult conspiracy--not simply communism. The work the Senator did is continually referred to as a "witch hunt", but some day the witches he tried to protect America from may well put this nation through another Holocaust, and then the "witch hunt" of the Senator will seem mild.) Chip Bohlen also served as the no. 1 adviser for three Secretaries of State - James F. Byrnes, George C. Marshall ( 45- 46) and Christian Herter ( 59- 61). After graduating from Harvard in the late 1920s, Chip worked for Frank B. Kellogg and Henry L. Stimson. The U.S. State Department trained Chip to speak Russian several years before the U.S. had diplomatic ties with Russia. When the U.S. put in an embassy in Moscow in 1934, Chip helped open the first American embassy in communist Russia. The American diplomats stayed at the Savoy Hotel in Moscow. The Savoy Hotel in London has been used as an important Illuminati building.

Chip stayed in communist USSR until 1940, when the U.S. government moved him to Tokyo to help in Japan. According to Chip, he and others were not surprised that Pearl Harbor took place because there were strong indications that it was going to happen. (See Chip s book Witness To History, pp. 110-112. His book was edited by a fellow Illuminatus Phelps.) After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Chip was placed under arrest by the Japanese. Then on June 20, 1942, Chip, Keith Meyers head of Standard Oil in Tokyo, and some other Americans were put on board the Asama Maru and returned to the United States via Portuguese East Africa. Chip Bohlen interpreted for Averell Harriman, when Harriman met the Russians for talks. Chip Bohlen did the interpreting and some advising of the President when Roosevelt had his meetings with Stalin. Averell Harriman, a member of the Illuminati, liked Chip and the work he did. If one looks at photographs of the Yalta and the Tehran meetings between Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt you will see Chip Bohlen in the background. Chip was also at the Potsdam Conference between Truman and Stalin. He was also in San Francisco as a participant who helped create the United Nations in 1945. It was Bohlen and others who actually wrote out the Marshall plan and then requested that Sec. of State George Marshall spell it out in a speech at Harvard. It would take a long article to cover all the big meetings that Bohien participated in. Needless to say, he attended more big meetings involving global politics than any other American.

When Chip became the American Ambassador to the USSR, the Russians trusted Chip enough to stop their practice of having agents always follow the American Ambassador. Chip s predecessors as ambassadors had been George F. Kennen and Llewellyn E. Thompson. They had always been followed by Russian agents. But things changed for Chip. By the way, both Kennen and Dean Acheson both were close friends with Chip. Chip was noted for his intelligence and candor by his colleagues, but the Establishment has kept the full story about him very much under wraps. Perhaps only people like the CIA and intelligence personnel know the full story. For as powerful as Chip Bohlen was, he has been relegated to being in the shadows. When we look at the photos of the great summit meetings, Chip can be seen behind Stalin, Churchill and the American Presidents. Francis Hermana Bohlen (1808-t942) was a famous lawyer, politician and a teacher at Harvard from 1925-28. This is just one more of the famous Bohlen s. This author waited until there was verification from independent ex-Illuminati sources that Alfred Krupp (his full name includes the title "von Bohlen und Halsbach") had been a member of the Illuminati.

There is no doubt that Chip Bohlen was part of the Illuminati. As previously mentioned one of the Illuminati survivors I have worked with was alive during W.W.II and has memories of how the Russians, Germans, and Americans in the Illuminati kept working together even during W.W. 11. A very close examination of what really went on behind the scenes, especially at the top shows that the parts of the Illuminati have continued to collaborate together even during wars. The are many relatives of Krupp in Europe, South America and the United States. Arndt Krupp, Alfred son who opted to become a professional playboy, bought an estate in the interior of Brazil. The estate covered 43 square miles, had dwellings for 180 servants (back in the l960 s-what s happened in recent years I don t know), had a park modeled after Versailles, and the largest horse stables in Brazil. His private jet could carry his custom-built Rolls-Royce.

Important Illuminati rituals have taken place in Argentina and other South American locations where Illuminati members from the U.S. and various European nations have flown in to participate in. As more information comes in, this author will be able to determine whether Arndt Krupp took part in any of those South American Illuminati ceremonies. There are descendants of Hitler in several states in the U.S. (Because people move around, there is no purpose in giving their locations at present.) Of course the controlled media would have us believe that Adolf Hitler, who was very popular with women during his life, and a very powerful man at the height of his power, did not have any descendants. There were many German women who would have begged to have a child by him, and there were a number who did. There is no doubt in this author s mind that the Krupp s got ahold of the Illuminati formula for creating multiple personalities who are programmed into Systems of Alters. The Krupp relatives have numerous castles and other pieces of property all over Germany, and all over the world in fact. I continue to get reports of Illuminati mind-control programming going on in castles, and Illuminati rituals taking place in German castles. It is a distinct possibility that castles tied to the Krupp clan are being used for programming.

Some of their castles and estates have been remote and some have been left unused as far as the public was told. Summary. What we have learned is that the Krupps have participated in the Illuminati, and were primarily responsible for both Hitler coming to power and for Germany rearming itself secretly in violation of the Versailles Treaty. We have learned that Illuminati Kingpins like the Krupps are above the law, and are usually above getting themselves sincerely exposed in the controlled media. The Krupps provide an excellent example of how a military build-up can be hidden, and how scandalous behavior of the elite can go unpublicized and unpunished. The same things are still happening today. We have learned about two Krupps who wielded enormous power during the twentieth century, Alfred Krupp and Chip Bohien. Alfred Krupp was the most powerful man in European economic aflairs during his lifetime, and Chip Bohlen, who was perhaps the most influential American diplomat of the twentieth century. We have gotten a glimpse of how the remaining Krupps today are scattered and are to be expected to continue to play an active role in the ritual life/& mind-control programming of the Illuminati.


Upon seizing power in 1933, Adolf Hitler and the Nazis launched a massive armament program and the Krupp conglomerate was key to German rearmament. The firm plundered and exploited private and public property, and resources of occupied countries, enslaving their citizens. Plants in Austria, France, and Belgium, chromium ore deposits in Yugoslavia, nickel mines in Greece,& naval and shipbuilding facilities in Holland, were exploited in the process.

Citizens of these and other countries were compelled to work for Krupp in the manufacture of armaments and munitions. Krupp was also a major recipient of slave labor from Auschwitz during the war.The company used over 70,000 people as slave labor in factories making armaments for the Nazis. It even operated a plant inside the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp which manufactured fuses, and another at the Ravensbreuck camp. There is ample evidence that in Krupp’s custody and service prisoners were underfed and overworked, misused, and inhumanly treated. Captured records show that in September 1944 Krupp concerns were working 54,990 foreign workers and 18,902 prisoners of war.

* The children were housed in “sort of prison bunks… The children there were quite naked… Many of them had swollen heads… These children were so undernourished… Fifty or sixty children died every day, and as many were born every day, because there was an influx of eastern female workers with children… The children were cremated inside the camp….”

In the Krupp Trial, twelve former directors of the Krupp Group were accused of having enabled the armament of the German military forces and thus having actively participated in the Nazis’ preparations for an aggressive war, and also for having used slave laborers in their companies.

Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach
Wikipedia

Alfried Krupp
Tweede Wêreldoorlog databasis

Gustav Krupp
Geskiedenisleerwebwerf

Gustav Krupp
Spartacus International

GUSTAV KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH*
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume 2
Chapter XVI Part 13
Lillian Goldman Law Library
Yale Law School

Nothing They Wouldn’t Do
Book Review:
Krupp: A History of the Legendary German Firm by Harold James
London Review of Books

Krupp Trial
Wikipedia

1933-1945 – Krupp Under the Nazis
Global Security


World War I [ edit | wysig bron]

By World War I, the company had a near monopoly in heavy arms manufacture in Germany. At the start of the war, the company lost access to most of its overseas markets, but this was more than offset by increased demand for weapons by Germany and her allies. In 1902, before Krupp's marriage, the company leased a fuse patent to Vickers Limited of the United Kingdom. One of the company's products was a 94-ton howitzer named Big Bertha, after Krupp's wife. ΐ] Gustav also won the lucrative contract for Germany's U-boats, which were built at the family's shipyard in Kiel. After the war, Krupp was widely criticised within Germany for the profits he had made from the fighting. [aanhaling nodig] Maintaining close contacts with the German emperor Krupp's estate, the Villa Hügel, had a suite of rooms for William II whenever he came to visit. Even in exile after World War I Krupp wrote to him on his birthday every year. [aanhaling nodig]


Tweede Wêreldoorlog databasis


ww2dbase Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach was the descendant of two prominent German-American families. His father, born a commoner, was made a noble by the Grand Duke of Baden when his family emigrated back to Germany. At the age of eighteen, he volunteered for the 2nd Baden Dragoons, then proceeded to study law at Lausanne, Strasbourg, and Heidelberg. With a law degree, he became a diplomat like his father in the role, he served in Washington, Peking, and the Vatican. Despite his experience abroad, he showed no signs of enlightenment. His personal philosophy prevented it. To him, to broaden one's horizon was a sign of independence, which bordered on being disloyal to Berlin Baron Tilo von Wilmowsky later said that he "had a very definite way of subordinating himself to the authority of the state". To him, loyalty was his most treasured characteristic.

ww2dbase In Oct 1906, Krupp was arranged by Kaiser Wilhelm to marry Bertha Krupp, the heir of the industrial conglomerate. Kaiser also made him Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach in order to legitimize his takeover of the company eldest male heirs of all future generations were also bestowed this honor.

ww2dbase Krupp was a stoic man, perhaps due to his diplomat training, never showing much emotion. Even the announcement of the birth of his son sounded like a business deal. "I feel compelled to inform the board personally and in my wife's name at this earliest possible moment of the birth to us of a healthy son", he reported to his colleagues at Friedrich Krupp AG. But what really set him apart from others was his prompt habits. For example, overnight guests at his residence were informed that breakfast was to be served promptly at 0715 if they arrived at 0716, the door was shut and they were denied the meal. To be fair, he treated himself to the same rigorous schedule as well. When dining alone, he gave himself exactly 15 minutes to eat. When he left his house, his carriage driver knew that the moment Krupp stepped into the carriage the wheels needed to be turning.

ww2dbase By World War I, Friedrich Krupp AG's status as Germany's armorer could not be doubted. The 94-ton howitzer "Big Bertha" became the company's signature contribution to the German war effort, although of course the company's contribution to the war went way beyond the handful of big guns. When the tide of the war turned against Germany, Krupp refused to acknowledge the possibility of losing the war. According to his own calculations, as he told his colleagues, Germany was about to turn back the tide at any time. Die Kanonenkönig ("Cannon King") was convinced that the shelling of Paris by Krupp-made 200- to 230-pound shells from Krupp-made 21-centimeter howitzers located 31 miles outside the French capital was a sign of the eventual victory. He was wrong, and he was devastated.

ww2dbase As Germany suffered under the Versailles Treaty, Friedrich Krupp AG maintained its profitability by a combination of agricultural equipment and consumer goods, though that was only what the company wanted the world to see. Through subsidiaries outside of Germany such as Blessing and Company at the Hague, Krupp kept his company knee-deep in weapons research. Foreign subsidiaries also played a part in hiding Krupp assets of all kinds at a time when France was eager to take possession of anything German that could be used to rebuild the war-torn country. Tanks researched under the false pretense of an agricultural tractor were one of the many weapons that the company secretly developed. Sometimes the secrets leaked out, for example a sketch for a heavy tractor included a 7.5-centimeter cannon. In another instance a heavy tractor's specifications included the need to easily use the railroad systems of Belgium and France. A company memorandum found years later noted that of all weapons used in 1939-1941, "the most important were already fully developed in 1933." As Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party rose to power in the 1930s, the production of weapons expanded. Of the wide range of weapons developed at this time, perhaps the most important historically was the 88mm gun, which Allied airmen would come to fear and respect a handful of years down the road.

ww2dbase Krupp was not always a Nazi, however. His support for Hitler was one which resulted from convenience. Although Friedrich Krupp AG was known for offering unbelievably generous compensation packages for its works and social programs in its company towns, Krupp distrusted liberals and eyed unions with suspicion (in fact, he banned unions from his factories). His support for the Nazi Party only materialized out of the promised, and delivered, anti-union laws. That initial support triggered off the fiercely loyal Krupp that had not really been seen since WW1. On 4 May 1933, Krupp became the chairman of the Association of German Industrialists and unwittingly a loyal Nazi he thought he was only being a loyal German. His first act was to expel all Jews from the top ranks of the industrial world, then on 22 May, he consolidated the powers of the heads of German industries, making the executives dictators in their own companies. "In underwriting an end to political elections, . they had unwittingly liquidated their own independence." Behind his back, liberal-leaning industrialists called him a "Obernazi" it was not without reason. By spring of 1934, the Nazi Party named him leader of the German economy. Krupp returned the favor by remaining quiet. After the bloody purge of 30 Jun 1934 that came to be known as the Night of the Long Knives, with full knowledge of what had happened, he kept his mouth shut.

ww2dbase In 1937, Krupp was sick of the politics and gave up the titles the Nazi Party had given him. He knew that his title as the head of Friedrich Krupp AG far outweighed any title Berlin could ever bestow upon him. He could be a loyal German without favors from Berlin. Had it been any other man, Berlin would have responded, but a man of Krupp's stature had the rare power of choice under Nazi Germany. Although his patriotism could not be doubted, he also ran his company with its private interests first. For example, despite Berlin's protest, Friedrich Krupp AG never became solely a weapons manufacturer. The company refused to convert their nonmilitary production of agriculture products, locomotives, and dredging equipment. Krupp even kept a Jew, an electrical engineer, on the payroll as a sign of defiance to the Nazi politicians in Berlin. None of these rebellious acts hurt Friedrich Krupp AG's importance to Berlin. In fact, the state continued to help Friedrich Krupp AG expand its operations in the territories it had acquired. At the eve of the invasion on Poland, Krupp's empire was consisted of 81 factories, many wholly owned subsidiaries, and controlling interest in 110 firms the empire was described as a giant octopus, with the length of the body forming a vertical monopoly in the heavy industries landscape and the tentacles reaching every corner of the Ryk.

ww2dbase As the European War began, although Krupp was still nominally the head of Friedrich Krupp AG, his mind was already failing him. In 1941, he suffered a crippling stroke, but only his family and his physician Dr. Gerhardt Wiele knew to everyone outside the circle, nothing had happened. Krupp continued to put on a show, even keeping his horseback riding habit daily with the help of two servants. Though his brother-in-law Wilmowsky had no doubt in his mind that Krupp's health was rapidly deteriorating, it was not for a long time before Krupp admitted it to him when he noted "[p]lease give me a word when you notice I can't find it", suggesting that his mind was not nearly as sharp as it had been years past. In the personal diaries of Joseph Goebbels, the entry on 10 Apr 1943 noted that "Old man Bohlen, now seventy-two and a half years old, is already somewhat crazy."

ww2dbase It was around this time when his son Alfried von Bohlen und Halbach and the other executives took over the company's entire operations. His son was officially given the name Krupp and became the head of the company in Nov 1943, and the elder Krupp, who now had relinquished the Krupp name, retired to Blühnbach, Austria. At the time of his retirement, the Krupp enterprise was worth 237,316,093 marks, more than three times the company's worth in 1933, and that number did not even include all the companies Friedrich Krupp AG had absorbed through Germany's conquests.

ww2dbase On 25 Nov 1944, while walking alone in Blühnbach's garden, Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach suddenly began running toward the castle for no apparent reason. He tripped before his wife and the servants could stop him. While on the way to the hospital, his car swerved to avoid an accident, and he further injured himself after putting his head against a metal bar behind his driver. For the next eight weeks, he remained in the hospital, where he suffered his second stroke. He was to be attended to around the clock for the remainder of his life.

ww2dbase After the war had ended, Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach was charged with war crimes, particularly the use of slave labor, including prisoners of concentration camps. The charges were eventually dropped due to his failing health and senility, and many argued that his son Alfried Krupp was tried and found guilty in his stead. He passed away in Austria in 1950. He was cremated in Salzburg and the ashes were buried at Obergrombach, Baden, Germany.

ww2dbase Source: the Arms of Krupp.

Last Major Revision: Dec 2006

Gustav Krupp Timeline

7 Aug 1870 Gustav Krupp was born.
16 Jan 1950 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach passed away at the Blühnbach Castle in Werfen, Salzburg, Austria.

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The Krupp Family

The first record of the name "Krupp" dates to the late 16th century when Arndt Krupp joined a merchant's guild in the town of Essen in the Ruhr valley of northwestern Germany. Arndt bought up a considerable amount of land around Essen, and his son Anton took over the family's arms business. During the devastating Thirty Years' War (1618-48), the Krupps built matchlock and flintlock muskets for the Hapsburg Empire and soon made a name for themselves in the world of weapons. By the late 17th century, the family-owned a majority of the Ruhr's coal mines and several iron forges in Essen. In 1807, shortly after Napoleon Bonaparte had seized control of northwestern Germany, Friedrich Krupp took over his family's business. A savvy salesman, Krupp learned that the French emperor was paying handsomely for any new innovations in how to forge steel, and in 1811 he secured a contract from Napoleon to build a new factory in Essen for his Gusstahlfabrik, or "cast steelworks." The business he built with French money became the most powerful enterprise in Europe because the steel produced by Krupp Aktiengesellschaft was lighter and stronger than any other industrial metal in the world.

Krupp AG soon had contracts with Napoleon's puppet-states across Europe, and his largest customer after France was the Hohenzollern Kingdom of Prussia. The family became close with King Friedrich Wilhelm III and supplied him with armaments for the 1812 invasion of Russia. When the Russians defeated Napoleon's armies outside Moscow, Krupp's weapons soon found new targets during the German "Wars of Liberation" against the French in 1813, Krupp muskets and cannons were used on both sides. Czar Alexander I of Russia bought thousands of field guns from Krupp for the 1814 invasion of France, and the Prussian army that helped the Duke of Wellington win at Waterloo a year later fired more than a thousand Krupp-made shells into Napoleon's lines.

Friedrich Krupp died in 1826, and his son Alfred took over the company and built it into the largest privately-owned firm in Europe. He funded new developments in weaponry that extended the range of field artillery and made muskets more reliable and easier to repair on the battlefield. Krupp AG held public demonstrations at expositions in several European capitals, and Alfred often gifted the newest and best weapons to the Prussian state. During Otto von Bismarcks' wars to unite Germany under the Hohenzollern kings, Krupp's guns blasted away at Danish, Austrian, and French soldiers and forged the German people into a unified national state. Alfred Krupp became known as the "Cannon King" during yearly demonstrations during the 1870s at his private estate north of Essen to show off his most recent deadly creations. He ran the company with an iron fist, and though he listened to advice from family members and hired managers, his word was law. Krupp was also very generous to his employees, providing them with quality housing near the factories and good wages to ensure their work was always top-notch.

When Alfred died, his son Friedrich Alfred continued to expand Krupp AG. He was less severe than his father and more interested in helping the disadvantaged in society. His philanthropic work endeared the Krupp family to the German people. Friedrich Alfred also started a subsidiary company to build large internal combustion engines, and in 1893 his competitor Rudolf Diesel licensed Krupp's design for Germany's first submarine. The Krupps got involved in building warships as well when they bought Germaniawerk in 1896, and this enormous factory was soon churning out vessels for Kaiser Wilhelm II's High Seas Fleet. Sadly for Friedrich Alfred, his personal life was a mess, and after he was arrested in Italy on charges of deviant sexual behavior, he was found dead in 1902, probably having taken his own life.

Friedrich Alfred's daughter Bertha inherited the company, but Kaiser Wilhelm thought it was not proper for a woman to run Germany's largest and most important business. In 1906, she married Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, and the couple then took the company public and began to allow investors from outside the family to buy shares. By 1912, the company was selling weapons to over fifty countries under its new name, "Krupp Grusonwerk AG," and also licensed its designs to arms manufacturers in a dozen more. Two years later, when the Great War began in Europe, Krupp had a virtual monopoly on weapons production in Germany but lost its overseas contracts thanks to the British naval blockade. Gustav's workers built millions of artillery shells and hundreds of thousands of guns, including its "Big Bertha" model of howitzer (an unflattering honor for his wife) and the "Paris Gun," the largest artillery piece of the war. Its Germaniawerk factory produced more than eighty U-boats for the navy as well.

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach was a passionate believer in German supremacy and shared his Kaiser's dream of a continental empire. His contracts with the German Army kept it fighting even as the Western Front collapsed during the Allied "Hundred Days" offensive. When the war ended and the Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to give up arms production, Krupp AG secretly continued to build weapons for the postwar Weimar Republic its subsidiaries in Sweden produced artillery shells and a submarine pen in the Netherlands built "submersible fishing boats." In 1930, three years before the coming of Germany's great warmonger, Gustav ordered his Essen factories to start building the Tiger I tank in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. International agreements and foreign mandates could not stop the "Cannon King" heir's work.


Gustav Krupp - History

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (August 7, 1870 - January 16, 1950), Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (March 29, 1886 - September 21, 1957)

Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, the fifth son of seven children of Gustav (1831 - 1890) and Sophie (1837 - 1915) von Bohlen und Halbach, attends grammar school in Karlsruhe before studying law and politics. After gaining his doctorate in 1893 he joins the Baden civil service, moving to the Foreign Office in Berlin in 1897. In 1899 he is appointed diplomatic secretary to the embassy first in Washington and then in Peking. In 1904 he is summoned to the Prussian legation in the Vatican and it is in Rome that he first meets Bertha Krupp.

Bertha Krupp, the elder daughter of Friedrich Alfred Krupp (1854 - 1902) and Margarethe Krupp (1854 - 1931), initially receives private tuition together with her sister Barbara (1887 - 1972) at Villa Hügel. The sisters then attend a housekeeping school for young ladies in Baden-Baden. After the death of her father in 1902 Bertha Krupp becomes the owner of the company, which from 1903 becomes a stock corporation but continues to be family-owned. Since Bertha Krupp is still a minor, her mother, Margarethe Krupp, exercises her rights as owner. In 1906 Bertha Krupp marries the counselor of legation Gustav von Bohlen und Halbach, who is granted the right by royal Prussian decree to bear the name Krupp as a prefix to his own family surname. The couple have six sons and two daughters: Alfried (1907 - 1967), Arnold (1908 - 1909), Claus (1910 - 1940), Irmgard (1912 - 1998), Berthold (1913 - 1987), Harald (1916 - 1983), Waldtraut (1920 - 2005) and Eckbert (1922 - 1945).

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach is appointed to the supervisory board of Fried. Krupp AG at the end of 1906 and acts as its chairman from 1909 to the end of 1943. In this period the economic development and product range of the Krupp Group are greatly influenced by the general political events: the expansion of the munitions business in World War I, the change in production as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, the financial crisis of the company in 1924/25 and its involvement in the national socialist autarchy and armaments policy with a further change of production. Major new products in this period are the stainless acid-resistant steels developed at Krupp (NIROSTA, V2A), the WIDIA engineering materials used in particular for tools, as well as locomotives and motor vehicles. The number of employees in the Group fluctuates strongly: between 168,000 at the end of World War I, 30,300 in the Great Depression in 1932 and 243,300 in 1943.

Gustav and Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach are deeply committed to the social tradition of the company. The company benefits, in particular the building of workers' housing estates, are continued. A foundation is set up for domestic health care. Convalescent homes are available for sick employees and their families, as well as a dental clinic. After the early death of their second son, the Arnoldhaus maternity clinic is founded. The tradition of Krupp family members paying visits to long-standing employees on special occasions, e.g. golden weddings, is continued.

Bertha and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, 1927

The Krupp family von Bohlen und Halbach, 1931

Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach makes an impact beyond the bounds of the company - thanks no doubt in part to his former diplomatic activities. In 1921 he is appointed Prussian state councilor, in 1924 president of the supervisory board of the Bank für Deutsche Industrieobligationen - a bank established to handle the reparations - and from 1934 onwards he serves on the management board of the imperial rail company Reichsbahngesellschaft. From the establishment of the scientific institute Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften (today Max-Planck-Gesellschaft) he is closely involved in its development, first as its senator and then as first vice president. Together with his wife he fosters the work of the German museum of natural science and technology in Munich. In 1931 he becomes president of the imperial association of German industry and in 1933 reorganizes it according to new principles of leadership. In 1934 he resigns from this office. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach did not actively support Hitler or the NSDAP before 1933. However, when Hitler is elected chancellor he speaks out in favor of the existing state, out of a sense of loyalty to his country. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach only becomes a member of the NSDAP in 1940 when Adolf Hitler presents him with the golden badge of honor of the NSDAP on his 70th birthday.

At the end of 1943 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach resigns as chairman of the supervisory board of Fried. Krupp AG. His oldest son Alfried becomes sole owner when the company is converted into a sole proprietorship. In 1945 Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach stands trial before the international court of law in Nuremberg in the trial against major war criminals. However, following a car accident in December 1944 and several strokes he is no longer fit to stand trial. For many years Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach - together with a nurse - takes care of her invalid husband in a small building next to the Blünbach residence where they lived from the summer of 1944 and which has been confiscated by the Allies. After the death of her husband in 1950 Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach returns to Essen to witness the resurgence of the company. Although Villa Hügel is no longer the family home, after the departure of the Allies it once again becomes a representative meeting place for the company, where Alfried and Bertha Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach receive guests from all over the world.


Public Appeal to Ursula Gather- Alfried Krupp Foundation in Essen

It is both disappointing and frustrating learning today that Ursula Gather, head of the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation in Essen, is apparently neither a diplomat nor a true leader. Why I say this is because I was dumfounded when I sent her a personal email this morning bringing my Change.org petition to her attention and extending an olive branch for an open, honest dialog on opening her archives in the investigation into the unrecorded banishment of my great-grandmother.

I received a delivery failure notice. Strange, I thought, that the Alfried Krupp Foundation would discontinue their use of this public email address. I had spelled it correctly. I attempted to send it from a second email address but received the same result- A failure notice. Being resourceful, I emailed them using a third email account I had never used previously. Success. No delivery failure notice. It took no longer than a couple seconds to understand what had happened- my emails were being blocked.

Her actions tell me two things: She underestimates my will and secondly that she prefers to go around problems instead of challenging them head-on. Does she take the same approach in regards to business matters for the foundation she manages? Let’s hope not. Leaders do not go around challenges they take them on, full steam, head-on. Let me say now that it is not my intention to underestimate Ms. Gather or go around her.

If I must communicate with her publically, here on my blog, so be it. Unfortunately, it appears this may be the only way until she decides that private matters should remain in private emails.
————

As you may already know, a petition on Change.org and a Facebook ad campaign is underway throughout Germany to permit the unfettered access to additional photographs, records and documents relating to the unrecorded banishment of my great-grandmother, Engelbertha Krupp Stroebele.

I am sending this invitation to you so that we may have a productive, honest and fruitful dialog on permitting access to your archive in the hopes that additional evidence on the life of my great-grandmother can be uncovered.

This is a golden opportunity for us to work shoulder-to-shoulder and do the right thing for her and for the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Foundation. If you have any concerns, now would be the right time to address them. I thank you for taking time out of your busy schedule to address this petition.

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